Tea bush
Grasses

Grasses (Poaceae) occur worldwide, number 9000-10000 species globally, and they play a major role both in ecosystem function and as essential sources of food for humanity - one needs think no further than maize, rice, wheat, sugar cane and barley, all of which are grasses. About 870 species occur in South Africa and about 220 of these are found in the Waterberg. The southern African species are described in detail in Fish, Mashau, Moeaha & Nembudani (2015) Identification guide to southern African grasses - an identification manual with keys, descriptions & distributions. Strelitzia 36. It is available as a downloadable PDF from the SANBI website. Names used below follow this reference, and the species included are those collected and pressed by Richard Wadley from Moletadikgwa Wildlife Sanctuary near Melkrivier.

Species are listed below alphabetically.

List of Grasses of the Waterberg
 
Acroceras macrum  Nile grass  Nylgras
 
Agrostis continuata    
 
Agrostis lachnantha  S African bent grass  Vink-agrostis
 
Alloteropsis semialata  ssp  eckloniana  Blackseed grass  Donkersaadgras
 
Alloteropsis semialata  ssp semialata       
 
Andropogon appendiculatus  Vlei bluestem  Vleiblougras
 
Andropogon chinensis  Hairy bluegrass Tweevingergras, Harige-blougras  
 
Andropogon eucomus  Snowflake grass  Kleinwitbaardgras, Kapokgras   
 
Andropogon fastigiatus    
 
Andropogon huillensis  Large silver andropogon, Old man's beard Grootwitbaard andropogon, Rietgras  
 
Andropogon schirensis  Stab grass  Tweevingergras, Gesteekte-gras
 
Anthephora pubescens  Wool grass   Borseltjiegras
 
Aristida adscensionis  Annual brittle grass/three-awn  Eenjarige steekgras
 
Aristida aequiglumis  Curly-leaved three-awned grass  
 
Aristida bipartita  Rolling three-awn  Grootrolgras, Lossteekgras
 
Aristida canescens  ssp canescens  Pale three-awl  Vaalsteekgras
 
Aristida congesta  ssp barbicollis  Spreading three-awn  Lossteekgras, Witsteekgras  
 
Aristida congesta  ssp congesta  Tassel three-awn grass  Katstertsteekgras  
 
Aristida diffusa  Iron grass  Ystergras, Koperdraadgras  
 
Aristida effusa    
 
Aristida junciformis  ssp junciformis  Ngongoni three-awn  Ngongoni-steekgras
 
Aristida meridionalis  Giant three-awn  Langbeensteekgras
 
Aristida mollissima  ssp argentea    
 
Aristida pilgeri    
 
Aristida rhiniochloa  Large-seeded three-awn  Skurwesteekgras
 
Aristida scabrivalvis  ssp contracta    
 
Aristida scabrivalvis  ssp scabrivalvis  Purple three-awn  Pers-steekgras
 
Aristida spectabilis    Bergsteekgras
 
Aristida stipitata  ssp graciliflora  Long three-awned grass   Langnaaldsteekgras
 
Aristida stipitata  ssp stipitata  Long three-awned grass   Langnaaldsteekgras  
 
Aristida transvaalensis  Rock three-awns    
 
Arundo donax  Giant reed  Spaanseriet
     
 
Bewsia biflora  False lovegrass  Blousaadgras, Vals-eragrostis
 
Bothriochloa bladhii  Purple plumegrass  Persklossiegras, Blouklosgras   
 
Bothriochloa insculpta  Pinhole grass  Klosgras, Stippelgras  
 
Bothriochloa radicans  Smelly grass  Stinkgras
 
Brachiaria bovonei  Wiry signal grass  
 
Brachiaria brizantha  Common signal grass  Broodsinjaalgras  
 
Brachiaria deflexa  False signal grass  Bastersinjaalgras
 
Brachiaria eruciformis  Sweet signal grass  Litjie-sinjaalgras
 
Brachiaria nigropedata  Black-footed signal grass, Spotted signal grass  Swartvoëltjiegras, Wurmsinjaalgras
 
Brachiaria serrata  Velvet/Redtop grass  Fluweel/Rooisinjaalgras
     
 
Cenchrus biflorus  Rock three-awn  Klipsteekgras
 
Cenchrus ciliaris  Blue/Foxtail buffalo grass  Bloubuffelsgras   
 
Chloris gayana  Rhodes grass  Rhodesgras   
 
Chloris pycnothrix  Spiderweb grass  Spinnerakgras   
 
Chloris roxburghiana    
 
Chloris virgata  Feathered chloris  Klossiegras, Witpluim-chloris   
 
Chrysopogon serrulatus  Golden beard grass  Krulgras, Gouebaardgras
 
Ctenium concinnum  Sickle grass  Sekelgras
 
Cymbopogon prolixus    Tamboekiegras
 
Cymbopogon caesius  Broad-leafed turpentine grass  Lemoengras, Buchugras   
 
Cymbopogon nardus  Giant turpentine grass  Reuse terpentyngras
 
Cymbopogon plurinodis   Narrow-leafed turpentine grass  Smalblaarterpentyngras
 
Cymbopogon pospischilii  Narrow-leafed turpentine grass  Smalblaarterpentyngras   
 
Cynodon dactylon  Couch grass  Kweekgras  
 
Cynodon nlemfuensis  Star grass  Stergras
     
 
Dactyloctenium aegyptium  Common crowfoot, Duck grass  Hoenderspoor   
 
Dactyloctenium australe     
 
Dactyloctenium giganteum  Giant crowfoot  Reuse hoenderspoor, Sterretjiegras   
 
Diandrochloa namaquensis    
 
Dichanthium annulatum  var  papillosum  Blue gamma, Blue stem, Vlei finger grass  Vleivingergras
 
Digitaria brazzae  Brown finger grass  Bruinvingergras
 
Digitaria ciliaris  Tropical finger grass  
 
Digitaria debilis  Finger grass  Vingergras
 
Digitaria eriantha  Common finger grass  Vingergras  
 
Digitaria longiflora  False couch finger grass  Valskweek
 
Digitaria monodactyla  One-finger grass  Eenvingergras
 
Digitaria natalensis  Coast finger grass  
 
Digitaria ternata  Blackseed finger grass  Swartsaadfingergras
 
Digitaria velutina  Long-plumed finger grass, Flaccid finger grass  Slapvingergras  
 
Diheteropogon amplectens  Broad-leafed bluestem  Breëblaarblougras   
 
Diplacne fusca  Swamp grass  Kuilgras
     
 
Echinochloa colona  Jungle rice  Watergras   
 
Echinochloa holubii  Kalahari water grass  
 
Echinochloa jubata    
 
Echinochloa ugandensis    
 
Eleusine coracana  Goose grass, African finger millet  Osgras   
 
Elionurus muticus  Wire grass, Silky grass  Koperdraad, Suurpol, Wildebeestegras  
 
Enneapogon cenchroides  Nine-awned grass  Negenaaldgras   
 
Enneapogon pretoriensis    
 
Enneapogon scoparius  Bottlebrush grass  Kalkgras  
 
Enteropogon macrostachys  Mopane grass  
 
Eragrostis acraea       
 
Eragrostis amabilis    
 
Eragrostis aspera  Rough lovegrass  Grootpluim-eragrostis
 
Eragrostis barbinodis    
 
Eragrostis biflora  Two-flowered lovegrass, Shade eragrostis  Skadu-eragrostis   
 
Eragrostis caesia    
 
Eragrostis capensis  Heartseed lovegrass  Hartjiegras
 
Eragrostis chloromelas  Narrow curly-leaf  Krulblaar   
 
Eragrostis cilianensis  Stink lovegrass  Stinkgras   
 
Eragrostis curvula  Weeping love grass  Oulandsgras  
 
Eragrostis cylindriflora    
 
Eragrostis echinochloidae  Tick grass  Bosluisgras, Krummelgras
 
Eragrostis gummiflua  Gum grass  Gomgras  
 
Eragrostis habrantha  Starry love grass    
 
Eragrostis heteromera  Bronze lovegrass  Rooikopergras
 
Eragrostis hierniana    
 
Eragrostis inamoena  Tite grass    
 
Eragrostis lappula    
 
Eragrostis lehmanniana  var chaunantha    
 
Eragrostis lehmanniana  var lehmanniana  Lehmann's lovegrass  Knietjiesgras
 
Eragrostis micrantha  Finesse grass  Finessegras
 
Eragrostis nindensis  Wether/Perennial lovegrass  Hamelgras, Agtdae-pluimgras
 
Eragrostis pallens  Broom lovegrass  Besemgras   
 
Eragrostis patens  Annual lovegrass  
 
Eragrostis plana  Tough lovegrass  Taaipol-eragrostis
 
Eragrostis pseudosclerantha   Footpath lovegrass  Voetpad-eragrostis
 
Eragrostis racemosa  Narrow heart love grass  Smalhartjie-eragrostis  
 
Eragrostis rigidior  Broad-leafed curlyleaf, Narrow-heart lovegrass  Breëkrulblaar, Smalhartjiesgras
 
Eragrostis rotifer  Pearly lovegrass, Vlei lovegrass  Vleipluimgras
 
Eragrostis stapfii    
 
Eragrostis superba  Saw-tooth love grass, Heart-seed love grass  Bosluisgras, Weerluis-eragrostis  
 
Eragrostis trichophora  Hairy lovegrass  Harige-pluimgras, Blousaadgras
 
Eragrostis viscosa  Sticky love grass  Klewerige-eragrostis  
 
Eriochloa fatmensis       
 
Eriochrysis pallida    
 
Eulalia aurea    
 
Eustachys paspaloides  Fan grass, Red rhodes grass  Bruin-hoenderspoor
     
 
Fingeruthia africana  Thimble grass  Vingerhoedgras   
     
 
Hemarthria altissima  Batavian Quick Grass, Red swamp grass, Swamp couch   Perdegras, Rooikweek
 
Heteropogon contortus  Spear grass, Tanglehead  Assegaaigras, Pylgras  
 
Hyparrhenia anamesa  Bundle thatching grass  Gerftamboekiegras
 
Hyparrhenia cymbaria  Boat thatching grass  Bootjietambokiegras
 
Hyparrhenia filipendula  var filipendula  Fine thatching grass  Fyntamboekiegras
 
Hyparrhenia filipendula  var pilosa  Fine thatching grass  Fyntamboekiegras
 
Hyparrhenia hirta  Common thatching grass  Dekgras, Dektamboekiegras
 
Hyparrhenia newtonii  Bearded thatching grass  
 
Hyparrhenia quarrei    
 
Hyparrhenia tamba  Blue thatching grass  Bloutamboekiegras
 
Hyperthelia dissoluta  Yellow thatching grass  Geeltamboekiegras  
     
 
Imperata cylindrica  Cottonwool grass, Silver-spike  Syngras, Donsgras   
 
Ischaemum afrum  Turf grass  Turfgras, Tweevingergras
 
Ischaemum fasciculatum  Red vlei grass, Hippo grass  Seekoei/Rooivleigras
     
 
Leersia hexandra    
 
Leptocarydion vulpiastrum  Spade grass  
 
Leptochloa eleusine    
 
Leptochloa fusca  Swamp grass  Kuilgras
 
Lintonia nutans    
 
Lophacme digitata    
 
Loudetia flavida  Pointed russet grass  
 
Loudetia pedicellata       
 
Loudetia simplex  Common russet grass  Stingelgras, Besemgras   
     
 
Melinis nerviglumis  Bristle-leaved redtop  Steekblaarblinkgras  
 
Melinis repens  ssp grandiflora  Redtop  Eenjarige-fluweelgras
 
Melinis repens  ssp repens  Natal redtop  Natal-rooipluim   
 
Microchloa caffra  Pincushion grass  Elsgras
 
Microchloa kunthii  Pincushion grass  Elsgras
 
Miscanthus junceus  Wire-leaf dabagrass, Broom grass  Draadblaardabagras, Ruigtegras
 
Monocymbium ceresiiforme  Boat grass, Wildoat grass  Bootjiegras, Wildehawegras
 
Mosdenia leptostachys    
     
 
Oropetium capense  Dwarf grass  Haasgras
 
Oryza longistaminata  Wild rice     
     
 
Panicum coloratum  Small/White buffalo grass  Witbuffelsgras   
 
Panicum deustum  Broad-leaved panicum, Reed panicum  Breëblaarbuffelsgras  
 
Panicum dregeanum  Plum panicum  Persbuffelsgras
 
Panicum maximum  Guinea grass  Gewone buffelsgras, Blousaad-soetgras  
 
Panicum natalense  Natal panicum, Buffalo grass  Suurbuffelsgras, Natal buffelsgras   
 
Panicum repens  Couch panicum  Kruipgras
 
Panicum schinzii  Sweet buffalo grass  Soetbuffelsgras, Blousaadgras
 
Panicum subalbidum  Elbow buffalo grass  
 
Panicum volutans  Rolling grass, Tumbleweed  Rolgras
 
Paspalidium obtusifolium    
 
Paspalum dilatatum  Common paspalum, Dallis grass  Gewone paspalum
 
Paspalum distichum  Couch paspalum  Kweekpaspalum, Bankrotkweek
 
Paspalum scrobiculatum  Veld/Creeping paspalum  Kropaargras, Dronkgras
 
Paspalum urvillei  Vasey grass, Giant paspalum  Langbeen-paspalum
 
Pennisetum macrourum  Riverbed grass  
 
Perotis patens  Cat's tail, Bottlebrush grass, Purple spike grass  Katstertgras  
 
Phragmites australis  Common reed  Fluitjiesriet
 
Phragmites mauritianus  Lowveld reed  Laeveldfluitjiesriet
 
Pogonarthria squarrosa  Herringbone grass  Sekelgras  
     
 
Sacciolepis typhura  Purple-hood grass  
 
Schizachyrium jeffreysii  Silky autumn grass  Harige-herfsgras, Slitgras  
 
Schizachyrium sanguineum  Red autumn grass  Rooidekgras  
 
Schmidtia pappophoroides  Sand quick  Kalaharisandkweek, Valgras
 
Sehima galpinii  Yellow turf grass  Geelturfgras
 
Setaria incrassata  Vlei bristlegrass  Vleimannagras
 
Setaria lindenbergiana  Mountain bristle grass  Randjiesgras, Bergsetaria   
 
Setaria megaphylla       
 
Setaria nigrirostris  Blackseed bristlegrass  Swartsaadmannagras
 
Setaria pumila  Shade bristlegrass  Skadumannagras   
 
Setaria sphacelata  var sericea  Golden bristle grass  Goue-mannagras  
 
Setaria sphacelata  var sphacelata  Common bristle grass  Gewone mannagras  
 
Setaria sphacelata  var torta  Creeping bristle grass, Twisted-leaf bristle grass  Kruipmannagras  
 
Setaria verticillata  Bur bristlegrass  Klitsgras   
 
Sorghum versicolor  Black-seed wild sorghum  Swartsaadwildesorghum/gras   
 
Sporobolus africanus  Ratstail dropseed  Taaipol  
 
Sporobolus conrathii    
 
Sporobolus festivus  Red dropseed  Rooi fynsaadgras, Rooigras
 
Sporobolus fimbriatus  Bushveld dropseed  Bosveldfynsaadgras, Blousaadgras
 
Sporobolus ioclados  Pan dropseed  Panfynsaadgras   
 
Sporobolus nitens  Curly-leaved dropseed  Krulblaarfynsaadgras   
 
Sporobolus panicoides  Famine grass, Christmas tree grass    
 
Sporobolus pyramidalis  Catstail dropseed  Katstert-fynsaadgras, Vleigras, Taaipol   
 
Sporobolus stapfianus  Fibrous dropseed  Veselfynsaadgras, Fynblousaadgras
 
Stipagrostis uniplumis  varuniplumis  Silky bushman grass  Blinkblaarboesmansgras
     
 
Themeda triandra  Redgrass  Rooigras   
 
Trachypogon spicatus  Giant spear grass  Bokbaardgras, Reuse pylgras
 
Tragus berteroianus  Common/Small carrot-seed grass  Gewone wortelsaadgras, Ousklits   
 
Tragus racemosus  Large carrot-seed grass  Grootwortelsaadgras
 
Tricholaena monachne  Blue-seed grass  Blousaadgras   
 
Trichoneura grandiglumis  Small rolling grass  Klein rolgras, Waaigras   
 
Tripogon minimus    
 
Triraphis andropogonoides  Broomneedle grass  Besemgras, Perdegras
 
Triraphis schinzii  Sandveld broom grass  Sandveldbesemgras   
 
Tristachya biseriata    
 
Tristachya leucothrix  Hairy trident grass  Harige-drieblomgras
 
Tristachya rehmannii  Broom trident grass  Besemdrieblomgras
     
 
Urelytrum agropyroides  Centipede/Quinine grass  Kinagras, Varkstertgras   
 
Urochloa brachyura       
 
Urochloa mosambicensis  Bushveld signal grass  Bosveldbeesgras   
 
Urochloa oligotricha  Perennial signal grass  Meerjarige beesgras
 
Urochloa panicoides  Garden signal grass  Tuinbeesgras
 
Urochloa trichopus    
 
   

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