Philomachus pugnax    Ruff  Kemphaan
Ruff male and female
Vaalwater, Mar 2021
Female left, male right

A non-breeding summer visitor from the Palearctic. Rare, with a few scattered records of single birds or small groups on larger dams (recorded in 4% of the Waterberg pentads).
Ruff Waterberg distribution
Vaalwater, Nov 2018

Vaalwater, Oct 2018

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